Friday, May 18, 2012

Thursday's Parsha Tidbits - Parshios Behar Bechukosai

The following is a brief summary of a thought said over by R' Frand on the parsha this evening. I have attempted to reproduce this vort to the best of my ability. Any perceived inconsistency is the result of my efforts to transcribe the shiur and should not be attributed to R' Frand.

This week's Parsha talks about the mitzvos of Shemittah and the process of Yovel which occurs on the Yom Kippur of the Fiftieth Year. In Vayikra 25:9, the Torah teaches that the Shofar should be blown in the seventh month on the tenth day, on Yom Kippur the Shofar should sound throughout your land.

Rashi asks - since it says Yom Kippur, don't we know that it is Tenth Day of the Seventh Month? Why does the Torah need to also tell us the date and month when the Torah already says it is Yom Kippur?

The Maharal asks the following question on Rashi's question - the pasuk mentions the Tenth Day of the Seventh Month before saying it is Yom Kippur. If you were to ask which thought was extra, you would say Yom Kippur because the tenth day of the seventh month already teaches that it is Yom Kippur. So why does Rashi say that the tenth day of the seventh month is superfluous?

Rabbi Frand said that the Maharal gave two answers, but R' Frand indicated that he only wanted to focus on the second answer. The Maharal's second answer is that Yom Kippur is integral to Yovel and that is why the mentioning of Yom Kippur is not superfluous. In Yovel, the ancestral land returns to the family which was forced to sell it. Similarly, the slave goes free and returns to his family, rather than remaining in servitude.

Yom Kippur is a similar concept. Yom Kippur effects a return of the person to the way that they had been previously, before they had sinned. Yom Kippur puts things back in their original state much like Yovel returns land to its owners and a slave leaves his master.

Because Yovel is integrally linked to Yom Kippur based on the common theme of returning things o their original state. As such, Rashi asks - why does the Torah need to mention that it is the tenth day of the seventh month.

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